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About the Authors

Stephen Coyle, AIA, LEED AP
Principal, Town-Green

Stephen Coyle, AIA, LEED AP, founder and principal of Town-Green based in Oakland, California, and cofounder of the National Charrette Institute and Townworks/DPZ, is an architect, urbanist, and community planner. Coyle and his colleagues design and repair landscapes, buildings, neighborhoods, and cities throughout the United States and Southeast Asia. As co-designer of the award-winning Contra Costa Centre Transit Village, Coyle developed sustainability plans for Hayward, Gilroy, Martinez, Napa, Pleasanton, and Tracy, California. With Bill Lennertz, Coyle helped to "green" Portland and other Oregon communities through New Urbanist plans and form-based codes.


Daniel Dunigan, AICP, LEED AP
Planner, Town-Green

Daniel is a contributing author and collaborated with Steve Coyle on the concept and creation of this book. Dunigan, an urban designer with Town-Green, has a wide range of professional experience including climate action planning, public outreach and charrette facilitation, form-based codes, urban design master planning, detailed architectural specification, and all phases of design/build project management.


Contributing Authors

click on a name below for additional details

  • Raoul Adamchak

    Raoul Adamchak is the Market Garden Coordinator at the UC Davis Student Farm, where he teaches organic agriculture and manages a 5-acre market garden.  He has served as the President of the Board of California Certified Organic Farmers, and worked as an organic farm inspector. He is the co-author of Tomorrow’s Table: Organic Farming, Genetics and the Future of Food.  He has a MS in International Agricultural Development from UC Davis.

  • Anthony Bernheim, FAIA, LEED AP BD+C
    Sustainability Principal, AECOM

    A world-leading professional at the forefront of the green building movement, Anthony Bernheim, FAIA, LEED AP BD+C, Sustainability Principal for AECOM Architecture, has pioneered integrated sustainable building practices for over 27 years, as a planner, architect and consultant addressing a wide range of building types. Mr. Bernheim has developed the AECOM ecoSystem, a dashboard tool used to guide integrated building practices from project inception through the design and construction of high-performance buildings that are energy-efficient, provide comfortable, safe, and healthy environments, utilize resource-efficient materials, have reduced environmental footprints, and strive to be “living” and “regenerative” buildings.

  • Nora Black, Associate AIA, CNU, ICA & CA
    Designer, DPZ Charlotte

    Black, Associate AIA CNU ICA & CA, has experience in town planning and traditional neighborhood development, with a focus on Light Imprint urbanism. Prior to joining DPZ, she was an architectural/historical consultant to the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission. Additionally, she taught architectural/historical courses at Central Piedmont and Rowan-Cabarrus Community Colleges and was a consultant for several entities including Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools. She is active member of the American Institute of Architects at state and local levels, serving on the AIA North Carolina Historic Committee and on the Board of Directors of AIA Charlotte for six years. Black is a founding board member of the Charlotte Chapter of The Institute of Classical Architecture and Classical America.

  • Monica Carney-Holmes, AICP, CNU
    Urban Designer, DPZ Charlotte

    Carney, AICP CNU, is an urban designer, and has experience in town planning and traditional neighborhood development. She has also worked on the development of Light Imprint and the Learning Cottages initiative. Carney is a contributor to the Light Imprint Handbook and to the Light Imprint website. Carney has Bachelor's degrees in Architecture and History from North Carolina State University in Raleigh, North Carolina and a Master's Degree in City and Regional Planning from Clemson University in South Carolina.

  • Jeff Caton

    Jeff Caton is Director of ESA’s Renewable Resources Group, specializing in resource management, climate change and other sustainability issues. He assists clients with planning, strategy development, benchmarking, performance measurement, and communications. His project experience includes community climate action planning and all aspects of carbon management including inventory design & development, management systems, energy efficiency and reduction strategies, lifecycle analysis, target setting, and preparing for emerging regulations and carbon markets.

  • Paul Crabtree, PE, CNU

    Paul Crabtree is President of Crabtree Group, Inc – a Civil Engineering and Town Planning firm formed in 1999 with offices in Salida, CO and Ventura, CA. Mr. Crabtree has a B.S. in Civil Engineering from Washington University in Saint Louis, MO and a Bachelor of Arts in Physics from Hamline University in Saint Paul, MN. Mr. Crabtree holds Registration as a Professional Engineer (Civil) in several states. Mr. Crabtree is a Member of the National Society of Professional Engineers, American Society of Civil Engineers, Congress for the New Urbanism (where he heads the Stormwater Task Force, and authored the SmartCode Regional Watersheds Module), Local Government Commission, American Planning Association, Urban Land Institute, Geothermal Resources Council; and a 5-year member of the City of Ojai, CA Planning Commission. Crabtree Group Inc orchestrated the 1st SmartCode adoption in CO in 2009; and performed the first-ever transect-based Regional Watershed Management Plan.

  • Erin Cubbison, LEED AP BD+C
    Sustainable Design Strategist, Gensler

    Erin Cubbison, Sustainable Design Strategist at Gensler, has expertise at a variety of scales, including architecture, master planning, and portfolio strategy. Cubbison sees the cycles of energy, water, materials, and transportation as integral to the design and development process. She has a specialization in leading multidisciplinary teams to maximize sustainable performance, including the use of LEED, One Planet Living, and Living Building Challenge. With projects in the US, Asia, and Latin America, Cubbison has an awareness of global trends and the relationship between culture and sustainable practices.

  • James Daisa, PE
    Senior Project Manager, Kimley-Horn and Associates, Inc.

    Jim has nearly 20 years of transportation planning experience with public and private sector clients. He has extensive experience in multimodal street design, pedestrian master plans, transit oriented development and new urban town planning. He has authored several manuals on best practices for integrating transportation and land use and context sensitive street design. He specializes in pedestrian and transit oriented developments, new urban town planning, school safe route projects, transit station area planning, and downtown revitalization plans, as well as conventional highway and urban street analysis and design.

  • Susan Daluddung, Ph.D
    Deputy City Manager for Development and Community Services, City of Peoria

    Dr. Daluddung joined the City of Peoria, Arizona in October 2008, after serving as Community and Economic Development Director for the City of Hayward, California. She has over 30 years’ experience including positions in economic and community development in Oregon and California. Dr. Daluddung has a Ph.D. in Planning and Urban Studies and a Master’s degree in Urban Planning from Portland State University, and a Bachelor’s degree from Mankato State University, Minnesota. She is a member of the American Institute of Certified Planners, the International City/County Management Association, and the Arizona City/County Management Association.

  • Cyane Dandridge
    Executive Director, Strategic Energy Innovations

    Cyane Dandridge is the executive director and founder of Strategic Energy Innovations (SEI). Cyane has broad and deep experience in establishing new business concepts and in combining a technical and a policy-oriented approach to clean energy, green buildings and energy efficiency. She received her master's degree in building technology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for her work in international energy policies and technologies. Cyane's work is published in books, journals and conference proceedings.

  • Norman Garrick, Ph.D
    Associate Professor, University of Connecticut

    Norman Garrick, associate professor of civil engineering at the University of Connecticut and director of UCONN’s new Center for Smart Transportation, specializes in the planning and design of urban transportation systems, including transit, streets and highways, and bicycle and pedestrian facilities. As the Transportation Task Force co-chair, Garrick has been an essential member of the CNU/ITE urban thoroughfares project. At a critical point in the project, Garrick tirelessly reviewed comments on the manual and incorporated the advice in a productive way. Garrick holds a Ph.D. and MSCE from Purdue University, and a BSCE from the University of the West Indies, Trinidad. With a career that bridges academic study and engineering practice, Garrick is an effective leader in transportation reform.

  • John Harris, LA

    John Harris, a Landscape Economist with qualifications including membership in the Lambda Alpha International Honorary Land Economics Society, is a Trained Tree and Landscape Appraiser, Certified Landscape Inspector, Certified Forester, Certified Arborist, Certified Nursery Tree Grader, and Registered Consulting Arborist. His experience spans over 25 years in the Green Industry with projects across the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, and most recently, Brazil. Earth Advisors, an independent expert firm, provides landscape, arboricultural (tree), forestry, and environmental consulting for public, commercial, and private property owners.

  • Seth Harry, AIA, CNU

    Seth Harry, AIA CNU, an architect, urban designer, and retail and economic development consultant, has spent the last 25 years working around the world exclusively on urban mixed-use projects. His firm, Seth Harry and Associates, Inc. Architects and Planners, routinely consults on a variety of projects for both public and private clients, and includes everything from regional planning projects, such as a new transit-oriented regional urban center for Queensland, Australia, to major suburban infill mixed-use developments (again, with transit). He has assisted Prince Charles’ Foundation on revitalizing Britain’s Historic Urban Centers, all based upon the principles of Sustainable Commerce. Seth has written articles and lectured on resilient urbanism.

  • Sara Hines, Registered Architect

    Sara Hines is an architect and urban designer specializing in low-energy buildings and planned urban developments with attention to economic development and commercial projects- from large office buildings to retail design. She is interested in industrial buildings and their role in a complete community, and enjoys exploring modular construction, zero-net energy housing, live-work housing and mixed-use.  Sara has presented talks on Transit Oriented Districts and wrote the Lighting Module for the Smart Code, and has served on numerous town committies in Ashland, MA and worked in cities around New England.

  • Will Kirksey, PE
    Vice President of Engineering, Worrell Water Technologies

    Will Kirksey, PE, is Vice President of Engineering for WWT. Prior to joining WWT, Will worked for the Florida Governor’s Office, Battelle Labs, and the Civil Engineering Research Foundation. WWT has been developing advanced wetland wastewater treatment systems called Living Machines for ten years.

  • Sibella Kraus

    Sibella is president of SAGE (Sustainable Agriculture Education) a nonprofit organization that develops AgParks and Agricultural Conservancies at project and landscape scales.  SAGE is also initiating a New Ruralism framework, as a bridge between smart growth and regional food systems.  Sibella collaborates on regional agricultural planning efforts and with the Agriculture in Metropolitan Regions program at UC Berkeley. Previously, Sibella directed the Center for Urban Education about Sustainable Agriculture (CUESA) and created its signature project, the Ferry Plaza Market

  • Dave Leland, CRE
    Managing Director, Leland Consulting Group

    Dave Leland is one of the most knowledgeable urban strategists in the United States, with more than 45 years of experience as a consultant, advisor, developer, and business owner in the real estate industry. As the former CEO of a national real estate acquisitions and development company, he has worked with development organizations in privately held firms and Fortune 500s, and with more than 300 communities with a portfolio that includes 80 downtown revitalization and implementation strategies, 70 light-rail transit stations, 45 urban corridors, and a host of smaller centers, corridors, main streets, and green-field communities.

  • Trent Lethco, AICP
    Associate Principal, ARUP

    Trent Lethco leads the Arup Urban Planning team in New York and ha 14 years of experience.  He has worked locally, nationally and internationally on projects seeking to create more sustainable forms of living and mobility in existing and new communities.   He received his Master’s of Architecture in Urban Planning (Transportation) from the UCLA and a Bachelor’s of Art with Honors in History from the UC Berkeley.

  • Eric Lohan
    Research Manager, Worrell Water Technologies

    Eric Lohan is Research Manager for Worrell Water Technologies (WWT). Eric has worked for ten years on the development of the Living Machine® technology and is coauthor of five patents on advanced wetland technologies.

  • Thomas Low, AIA, AICP, CNU-A, LEED AP
    Director, DPZ Charlotte

    Thomas Low, AIA, AICP, CNU-A, LEED, is Director of Duany Plater-Zyberk’s Charlotte office and a partner in the Miami-based firm. His projects received awards from AIA, Sierra Club, National Association of Homebuilders, Environmental Protection Agency for Smart Growth Achievement, and others. He lectures on town planning, sustainability, urbanism, slow food, environmental infrastructure, and civic engagement and design. In 2007, Low developed the Light Imprint Initiative for environmentally sensitive engineering using New Urban community design principles.

  • Wesley Marshall, PE
    Transportation Engineer Ph.D candidate, University of Connecticut

    Wesley, a Ph.D. candidate in Transportation Engineering at the University of Connecticut, assists Dr. Normand Garrick and others in
    transportation planning, safety, and sustainability, multi-modal transportation, congestion pricing, street networks, and parking. A Dwight D. Eisenhower Transportation Fellow, recipient of the Charley V. Wootan Award for Outstanding TRB Paper in the field of Policy and Organization, and Co-Chair of the TRB Parking Management Subcommittee, he received his Professional Engineering (P.E.) license in Connecticut.

  • Jane Martin, AIA
    Principal, Shift Design Studio

    Jane Martin is founding principal of the architecture and landscape design firm Shift Design Studio, and founding director of Plant*SF, a non-profit organization in San Francisco focused on stormwater diversion through public space gardens.

  • Michael Mehaffy, CNU-A, MICTP

    Michael Mehaffy, a sustainable urban development consultant, researcher, author, and educator, works internationally from his Portland, Oregon office as research associate with Christopher Alexander at the Centre for Environmental Structure, Europe. He directs the Sustasis Foundation, a small catalytic think tank that researches and develops the link between climate change and urban form, assisted in the recovery of post-Katrina New Orleans and Mississippi, and helped plan a new “toolkit” for Portland region’s sustainable development.

  • Karen Mendrala
    Senior Planner, City of Holyoke, MA

    Karen Mendrala, Senior Planner, has worked for the City of Holyoke, Massachusetts Office of Planning & Development for 13 years.  She graduated from Syracuse University Maxwell School in Policy Studies & Geography with a BA in Policy Studies & Geography and attended the University of Massachusetts Amherst for her graduate education in planning.  She specializes in grant writing and project management on projects from brownfields cleanup and redevelopment to infrastructure improvements. 

  • Katie O'Reilly Rogers, ASLA

    Katie has practiced landscape architecture since 1984. Her experience includes commercial, office, multi-family and estate residential, and large scale revegetation and restoration. She has experience in project management and construction administration. Ms. O’Reilly Rogers has taken a leading role in conflict resolution, serving as a liaison between interested community members, the developer, the design team and governmental review agencies.

  • Guy Pearlman, RLA, CNU-A
    Project Manager, DPZ Charlotte

    Guy Pearlman, RLA, CNU-A, is a Project Manager at Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company. Pearlman has extensive experience in town planning and traditional neighborhood development focusing on the Light Imprint Initiative. Pearlman is a registered Landscape Architect having nearly fifteen years of experience in planning, permitting, and implementation. He is a member of the Light Imprint Handbook team. Pearlman works with clients during development and construction phases to implement environmentally sensitive practices using Light Imprint techniques.

  • Lynn Peemoeller

    Lynn Peemoeller is a U.S. based food systems planner and consultant with degrees in urban planning, environmental science and geology.  She works on projects and policy on every aspect of the food system from farm to fork. For over 10 years she has worked with farmers, communities, government agencies, non-profits, foundations, and students to help forge paths towards more sustainable food systems. She currently lives in Berlin, Germany.

  • Dana Perls, MCP

    A City Planner with a diverse background in both international and local planning, Dana Perls' professional experience ranges from infrastructure management, green affordable housing financing and policy, community outreach for regional transit plans, to technical water supply analyses. Prior to helping Town-Green, Dana worked with several non-profits, a planning firm, and the City of Oakland on climate change research, green building policy, transit-oriented development education, and water supply assessments. All of the projects had a significant emphasis on public education and outreach. Dana received her Bachelor of Sciences from Cornell University, and Master of City Planning from University of California at Berkeley.  She served as a Peace Corps volunteer in Panama, and worked closely with government agencies and local leaders on watershed protection, solid waste management, and water infrastructure development.

  • Gaither Pratt, AIA

    Gaither Pratt, a registered Architect with experience in preservation, sustainability and urbanism, is Director of the New Orleans Field Office of the National Trust for Historic Preservation and founder of Limehouse Architects.  Pratt studied Architecture at the University of Virginia and the University of Miami, and worked for the office of William McDonough and Partners and the office of Duany Plater-Zyberk. Pratt collaborated on the book “A Pattern Book of New Orleans Architecture” (Pelican Press, 2010).

  • Jeannie Renne-Malone, LEED AP
    National Climate and Greenhouse Gas Management Director, HDR, Inc.

    Jeannie Renné-Malone, LEED AP, Director of HDR’s National Climate and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Management practice, is an experienced program manager with extensive background in sustainability, climate change and renewable energy program development. She advises clients on policies and technologies that reduce GHG emissions, assists in interpreting and navigating anticipated climate change policies, and helps them explore carbon financing implement options. Jeannie previously managed the Latin America program for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

  • Jon Roberts, Ph.D
    Director of Building Science, CTG Energetics

    Jon Roberts is the Director of Building Science and a Principal Consultant at CTG Energetics, a multi-disciplinary sustainability consulting company. Previous experience includes energy savings performance contracting and extensive international sustainability work. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Colorado, and performed solar energy research at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. He specializes in quantitative, systems-based approaches to optimizing sustainability of the built environment, and has significant community-level and programmatic energy and sustainability experience.

  • Karen Shore, Ph.D
    Vice President for Planning and Health Policy, Center for Health Improvement

    Karen Shore, PhD, is vice president for planning and health policy at the Center for Health Improvement in Sacramento, California. With 20 years of experience in health policy and health services research, she has led a variety of projects and teams with a goal of improving program and organizational effectiveness. Her doctorate in health services and policy analysis is from the University of California, Berkeley.

  • Daniel Sicular, Ph.D

    Daniel T. Sicular, principal with Environmental Science Associates (ESA), national leader of waste management, recycling, waste prevention, composting, program planning, design, implementation, evaluation, and environmental review, has planned and managed waste characterization studies, program implementation, and environmental impact reports for waste handling facilities. He has authored academic and professional papers on waste management industry, Third World low-cost recycling and composting systems, the history of recovery-based waste management systems; and the social geography of waste collectors and scavengers.

  • Dan Slone, Esquire

    Dan Slone, a partner with McGuireWoods LLP,  represents developers and localities in the creation of new, infill, and retrofit neighborhoods using innovative techniques of sustainable and “New Urban” development.  Dan teaches the legal aspects of form-based codes and the SmartCode around the country and lectures widely on coding and overcoming impediments to sustainable urbanism. In 2008, Dan and co-author Doris Goldstein published A Legal Guide to Urban and Sustainable Development for Architects, Planners and Developers.

  • Sandy Sorlien

    Sandy Sorlien is an advisor to the Center for Applied Transect Studies and was its Director of Technical Research from 2008 to 2010. She was the managing editor of the model SmartCode for six years, working with principal author Andrés Duany. She currently serves on the Transect Codes Council. 


  • John Williams
    Senior Vice President, HDR, Inc.

    John Williams is a Senior Vice President and National Director–Sustainable Development for HDR Engineering, Inc.  Since 1979 he has guided outreach, public-private partnership, and sustainable development programs for communities nationwide. He is an advisor to the U.S. Conference of Mayors’, the Partnership for NYC and a board member for the New York Foundation for the Arts.  He is a member of the Clinton Global Initiative and is on faculty at Columbia University.

  • Chris Zahas, AICP
    Managing Principal, Leland Consulting Group

    Chris Zahas, AICP is managing principal of Leland Consulting Group, where he manages projects and multidisciplinary teams focusing on turning broad visions into prioritized and achievable action plans, with an emphasis on downtown revitalization, urban corridors, transit- oriented development, and public-private partnerships.  Chris has managed more than 20 downtown and corridor development strategies and is frequently sought out for his understanding of the linkage between transit and land use, particularly for modern streetcar systems.

  • Sam Zimbabwe, LEED AP

    Sam Zimbabwe, LEED® AP is an urban designer with a background in transit-oriented development and pedestrian-oriented design. He is the Director of the Center for Transit-Oriented Development (CTOD), a partnership among Reconnecting America, Center for Neighborhood Technology (CNT), and Strategic Economics dedicated to providing best practices, research and tools to support equitable market-based transit-oriented development.